03.2020.86.105

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THERMAL PERFORMANCE AND CLIMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS FOR TROUGH PARABOLIC COLLECTOR WITH MANUAL TRACKING SYSTEM

Author(s):
Mohammed Ali Mahmood†, Kamil Abdulhussein Khalaf‡, Isam Mejbel Abed††, Laith Jaafer Habeeb‡‡

Affiliation(s):
†Al-Rafidain University Collage, Iraq

‡Wasit University, College of Engineering, Iraq

††University of Babylon, College of Engineering, Iraq

‡‡Training and Workshops Center, University of Technology, Iraq

*Corresponding Author Email: laithhabeeb1974@gmail.com

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

The experimental and theoretical studies are evaluate the thermal performance of three parabolic trough collectors with manual tracking system connected in parallel. The collectors are designed and manufactured utilizing the existing Iraqi technologies and available local materials. The sun tracking system was assembled using mechanical components that were procured from the Iraqi market. The receiver plate is made from galvanized material and is covered with aluminum foil of thickness 2 mm. The absorber tube is fabricated from stainless steel material, which is coated with selective black paint that can absorb solar radiation with internal and external diameters of 30 mm and 33mm, respectively. Numerical analysis was used in the simulation to determine the performance of the thermal model in order to study the influence of convective heat transfer resulting from the effect of fluid flow, falling and reflected solar radiation on the absorber and focusing on the receiving tube. A computer program was used to calculate the performance equation of the collector. The experimental results revealed that the data of tested collector is lower than that of a typical collector. However, average collection efficiency of this collector is about 43% which is fairly acceptable within the designs of parabolic trough collectors.