Enhancement of Forced Convection Heat Transfer in Tubes and Heat Exchangers Using Passive Techniques: A review


Mahmoud A. Mashkour†, Hasan Shakir Majdi‡, Laith Jaafer Habeeb‡†


†Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Technology – Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq.

‡Department of Chemical Engineering and Petroleum Industries, Al-Mustaqbal University College, 51001 Hillah, Babil, Iraq.

‡†Training and Workshop Centre, University of Technology – Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq

Corresponding Author Email: : 20021@uotechnology.edu.iq; dr.hasanshker@mustaqbal-college.edu.iq; Mahmoud.A.Mashkour@uotechnology.edu.iq

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Heat transfer is a one of the important process, which is included very large application in all-human life. It can be ranged from conversion, exploitation, and thermal energy recovery in very large industrial application, commercial and domestic applications. It is most important in industrial application and important to be efficient added, transformed and removed. There are several methods of heat transfer; one of importance methods is the forced convection heat transfer. Some of common applications of heat transfer in pharmacy, steam generation condensation process in power plant in diastral application and agricultural product thus there is applications of heat increasing techniques of the forced convection heat transfer. The present paper comprises a review on enhancement of forced convection heat transfer using passive techniques.