Physical and Mechanical Properties Changes of Iraqi Grog, Using Iraqi glass Powder in Different Proportions


Aliaa Kadhim Haddaw


Engineering material/Ahlulbait University (AS) – Karbala – Iraq

Corresponding Author Email: aliaakadim1986@ gmail.com

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

The importance of ceramic materials is complete in the strength that binds its atoms as well as its physical and mechanical properties which make its binding material of high hardness and high wear resistance. In this work we use a mixture of two materials, Iraqi grog with Iraqi glass powder. Four mixtures were used 100% grog + 0% glass powder, 90% grog + 10% glass powder and 80% grog + 20% glass powder. Physical tests (porosity test) and mechanical tests (torsion test) were performed. The results referred that the highest porosity value were 32% for the mixture (100% grog powder + 0% glass powder) and the lowest value was 18% when mixed (80% Iraqi grog + 20% glass powder). The highest value for torsion resistance was 7.61 when mixed (80% Iraqi grog + 20% glass powder) and the lowest value was 2.3 when mixed (100% grog powder + 0% glass powder). We conclude from these results that adding Iraqi glass powder to Iraqi grog should improve its physical and mechanical properties.