Designing and Implementing Oil pipeline Monitoring System Based on Wireless Sensor Networks and Vibration Signal Analysis
Muqdad Kh. Sedkhan, Kadim K. Mohsen
†,‡ University of Thi-Qar College of Engineering
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
One of the most important issues in the oil and gas industry today is access to an effective and reliable system for damage detection and health monitoring of pipeline networks. With recent developments in the field of computing and electronics, wireless monitoring has become the preferred and most successful option.This study progresses a system for monitoring oil pipelines based on a wireless sensor network and acceleration measurement for early detection of harmful events that may be exposed to them such as breakage, drilling, and cutting to avoid the effects resulting from such events, which may lead to heavy losses in lives and the economy. The proposed system consists of sensor nodes consisting of a 32-bit ARM microcontroller, an accelerometer, and a Wi-Fi wireless transmission technology. The sensor nodes send the monitored data to the base station coordinator node. Four scenarios were simulated: the normal situation, the condition of the pipes being drilled with an electric drill, the condition of their exposure to being cut, and the condition of the knock by a hand hammer. Then the vibration signal captured for those cases is analyzed and processed. The results obtained showed the ability of the proposed system to detect harmful events that may be exposed to pipelines accurately.