Two-phase flow for gas-liquid, gas-solid, liquid-solid, and liquid-liquid in a horizontal smooth and turbulator conduit – A review

Hyder M. Abdul Hussein†, Sabah Tarik Ahmed‡, Laith Jaafer Habeeb‡†


†University of Kufa – Faculty of Engineering

‡University of Technology – Mechanical Engineering Department

‡†University of Technology – Training and Workshop Center

Corresponding Author Email: [email protected]

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

This paper presents a review of experimental investigations, the analytical formulations, and numerical models of (gas-liquid), (gas-solid), (liquid-solid), and (liquid-liquid). Two groups of studies turbulator and smooth in conventional passages tubes, pipe, and channels conduit are reviewed. Different aspects such as flow pattern, pressure drop, maps, void fraction, and estimates of the kinetic energy and momentum are of interest. The need to systematize the huge amount of manuscript published on the multiphase flow and to understand the limitations of the techniques employed constitutes the motivation for this review. Predicting flow pattern and transient flow conditions is developed at experiment (photographs, visual observation, image processing, parallel wire conductance sensor and Particle Image Velocimetry visualization, Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence, Simultaneous two-line laser-based, high speed video-camera, Conductivity needle Probe, and Gamma Densitometer) were used. In two-phase flows, the utmost decisive parameter is the pressure gradient over the flow. Practically, the major thing for effective processes is a delicate prognostication for the gradient of pressure over the flow of two-phase. An experimental study was generally obtained using pressure transducer, and multi-tube manometer. Essentially, different kinds of patterns exist in order to identify as a drift-flux pattern, homogeneous no-slip flow pattern as well as separated pattern. The numerical solution has been steady state transitions to the unsteady state cases, which used code or commercial CFD software.