Role of alternative energy sources in decarbonization: A mini review


Thanh Phuong Nguyen, Tri Hieu Le‡,*, Xuan Thanh Dinh‡†, Chau Thanh Nguyen Le‡‡,*, Xuan Phuong Nguyen


Institute of Engineering, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology (HUTECH), Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam

Institute of Maritime, Ho Chi Minh City University of Transport, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam

‡† Faculty of Automotive Engineering, Hanoi University of Industry, Hanoi, Vietnam

‡‡ University of Technology and Education-The University of Danang, Danang, Vietnam

Corresponding Author Email: lehieumttvimaru@gmail.com; nguyenlechauthanh@gmail.com

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Due to environmental problems, fossil fuel limitations, complex energy security issues, there is a growing interest in alternative fuels for means of transportation and power generation are strongly promoted. There are needs of utilizing new energy resources in case of transition and decarbonization. It is clear that the decarbonization targets are posing enormous challenges for countries in their energy efficiency transition strategies. This process is often associated with goals that promote the use of renewable and alternative sustainable energy sources. Many studies and projects have been conducted to evaluate the possibilities of using new energy sources to serve economic sectors from transportation, power generation to construction, etc. The studies contribute to the orientation and establishment of appropriate regulatory frameworks for the storage, extraction and management of alternative energy sources. This review endeavor to present characteristics of alternative fuel as well as their usage and chances of production. In order derive optimal solutions, the comparison of different presented alternative fuels is carried out with their pros and cons for purpose of exploring the most adequate role of individual fuel.