Study of the Ideal Conditions for Extraction of Magnesium Obtained from Burning Fuel Oil Residues
Raghdah Abdulridha Falih†*, Ismail Hakki Kara‡
† University of Technology-Department of Production Engineering and Metallurgy, Baghdad, Iraq
‡ University of Karabük, Karabük, Turkey
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
In this study, the ideal conditions for extracting magnesium metal from the ashes residues from burning fuel oil was investigated. Ash was extracted from power plants in Al Durah Refinery in Baghdad and performed treatment operations for it such as grinding, screening, and washing with water to get rid of the soluble impurities present in the ash to make it more useful. In order to increase the effectiveness of the magnesium metal extraction process and the wet magnetic separation process to separate the iron metal from the ash, then we used different conditions to dissolve the magnesium metal present in the ashes, where we used hydrochloric acid in different concentrations (3, 6 and 9) molar and different temperatures (room temperature, 60 and 80). It is used those different granular sizes (53, 75, and 150) microns, and three different times (30, 60, and 120) minutes, so total it is conducted to 81 dissolving experiments to reach the ideal conditions for melting the magnesium metal, after which it is designed to a cell to perform the electrolysis process to separate the magnesium mineral. And finally extracted the Mg in a pure form.