Optimization of energy management systems in seaports as a potential strategy for sustainable development
Viet Duc Bui†, Hoang Phuong Nguyen‡*, Xuan Phuong Nguyen‡†*
†Institute of Engineering, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology (HUTECH), Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam
‡ Academy of Politics Region II, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
‡† Institute of Maritime, Ho Chi Minh City University of Transport, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam
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Managing the seaport system according to the model of balancing between environmental fluctuations and economic development needs is a strategic trend in seaport development. The energy efficiency management solution is considered critical to meet stringent regulations on minimizing environmental pollution from port facility operations. Furthermore, the increased monitoring of port system operating strategies as well as technological solutions for energy use has attracted enormous concerns. An inevitable trend, models of low carbon ports or green ports are being widely deployed in countries with the sea. Prominent is the use of sustainable energy models (such as LNG fuel, hydrogen, and biofuel, …) to replace traditional energy models. Also, grid systems and energy consumption metering with integrated intelligent algorithms is an indispensable choice in the energy management system. In that context, this paper conducts a review on energy management systems for sustainable energy production, storage and conversion, and smart grid management systems towards the development of a green seaport system with optimal operating efficiency and environmental protection. Analysis of relevant documents has revealed gaps and research directions on sources, technologies, and policies for energy system management at seaports to improve energy efficiency and agree to environmental sustainability criteria that offer many opportunities for researchers and policy makers.