08.2021.43.54

A Review On The Use Of Plastic Waste-Originated Fuels For Compression Ignition Engines

Author(s):

Van Tam Bui, Thi Ha Khuong,*, Van Hung Bui‡†, Tri Hieu Le‡‡, Van Viet Pham‡‡,*

Affiliation(s):

Institute of Engineering, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology (HUTECH), Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Transport and Communications, Hanoi, Vietnam

‡† University of Technology and Education-The University of Danang, Danang, Vietnam

‡‡Institute of Maritime, Ho Chi Minh City University of Transport, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam

Corresponding Author Email: khuongha82@utc.edu.vn; phamvietmtt@gmail.com

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Nowadays, the process of urbanization is an indispensable process of every country in the world. They bring us a civilized and modern life and unintentionally made our life harsher. The environment is increasingly polluted, from air pollution, water pollution to noise pollution. One of the causes of air and water pollution is plastic waste, every day we release a large amount of plastic waste into the environment. According to a projection by the World Economic Forum, there will be one ton of plastic waste in the oceans for every three tons of fish by 2025 and more plastic than fish by 2050. Most man-made plastic waste is concentrated in landfills, buried in the ground or accumulated in the oceans forming giant floating garbage islands. To solve this problem, people need to turn plastic waste into usable goods such as liquid hydrocarbon fuel. Pyrolysis is considered the most suitable technique to convert waste plastics into fuels that serve as an alternative to internal combustion engines. The objective of this review is to highlight the role of pyrolysis techniques in converting waste plastics into waste plastic pyrolysis oil (WPO) fuels. In addition, property assessments of WPO fuels based on relevant literature have been published to confirm the applicability of WPO for compression ignition engines based on the results of engine performance and emission characteristics.