Effectiveness of the Flue Gas Desulphurization (FGD) Operation in Thermal Coal-Fired Power Plants


Salmi Samsudin, Nuraini Abdul Aziz, Abdul Aziz Hairuddin, Siti Ujila Masuri


Department of Mechanical & Manufacturing, Faculty of Engineering,
University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Corresponding Author Email: [email protected]

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

The generation of electrical power by thermal plants is critically for national security reasons, namely to ensure the sustainability of the grid system. The thermal plant was forced to reduce the emission emitted into the atmosphere, which is emitted through the coal combustion process. Faced with these issues and problems, installation of the FGD system at thermal plants is necessary to improve these conditions. This experimental study was conducted at a 700-megawatt coal fired power plant in order to determine the effectiveness of the FGD system. Findings show that different types of sub-bituminous coal led to varying percentages of SO2, NOx, CO, CO2, and Opacity and about 30% to 50% of the contaminate gasses reduce with FGD in system. Findings also show that the coal Gross Calorific Value (GCV) above 5000 kg/kcal recorded high temperatures at the flue gas outlet and it did not affect the amount of gas released into the atmosphere.