Study on Car Emission Level in Big City and Its Prevention: Evidence from Surabaya, Indonesia
I Made Arsana†*, Akmaludin†, Mochamad Arif Irfai†, Wahyu Dwi Kurniawan†, Erlinda Ningsih‡
†Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya 60231, Indonesia
‡Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Adhi Tama, Surabaya, Indonesia
Corresponding Author Email: [email protected]
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Air pollution is still become a global issue in big cities. The automotive emission is a major problem in this issue. This study aims to analyze the levels of emissions produced in Surabaya City, based on engine capacity and production year. Data collecting was undertaken in 5 regions of Surabaya). Emission test was was carried out based on SNI 19-17118.1-2005 for gasoline-engine vehicles and SNI 19-17118.2-2005 for diesel-engine vehicles). The test results were then compared to Environmental Regulation No. 05, year of 2006. Tests were carried out for vehicles with engine capacities of 1000 – 6800 cc and vehicle production years below 1995, between 1996-2006 and above 2007. Based on the results of testing, analysis and discussion carried out, several things can be stated as follows: (1) Based on engine capacity, the engine categories of 1200 cc, 1300 cc, 1500 cc, 1800 cc and 2000 cc have the highest number of units passing the emission test. Meanwhile, machines with a capacity of 1000 cc, 2300 cc, 2500 cc, 2800 cc, 3000 cc, 6000 cc and 6800 cc had the highest number of failed test units. (2) based on the year of production, the years 1995 and above have a balance between passing and failing. Meanwhile, the 1996 to 2006 production years had the highest number of units that passed the emission test, as well as the 2007 and lower production years, which also had the highest number of units passing the emission test. Surabaya as a big city has compiled and implemented a program to keep the environment clean and green, known as the Surabaya Green and Clean program.