Nguyen Thi Xuan Huong * , Bui Thi Dieu Thuy


Vietnam Maritime University, Haiphong city, Vietnam

*Corresponding Author Email:

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The industrial sectors, especially manufacturing industries, are considered as key economic sectors of Vietnam in the ages of national industrialization and modernization, especially when Vietnam prepares to take part in the global value chain, and want to upgrade its position in that value chain. But in the current situation of Vietnamese human resources, there is a remarkable lack of skilled scientists, engineers, and workers in these technical fields. The golden generation of Vietnam now mainly prefers to choose the other fields, such as business, trade, finance, support services, rather than the fields that create basic value for the economy because of specific job characteristics (task variety, challenge, and remuneration). A part of students could not identify their own future careers because the program of mass education in high school, vocational education, and career orientation has not brought an effective result. Besides that, the tendency to diplomas and titles preference in businesses and the whole society is still popular. They prefer to be enrolled in the university rather than a vocational school. As a result, universities must accept low-quality student input but still have to ensure the quality of teaching, researching, training and educating. Organizing and managing technical major, especially evaluating the education process, still has to face those issues.