FORMATION OF SPATIAL THINKING OF FUTURE ENGINEERS ON THE BASIS OF FUNDAMENTAL GRAPHICS TRAINING
Nina I. Krasovskaya*, Natalia V. Bauer, Irina V. Shusharina, Anna A. Romanova
Tyumen Industrial University, 38 Volodarskiy Str., Tyumen, Russian Federation
*Corresponding Author Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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The level of graphics training in an engineering higher school is the most important characteristic of the skill of the graduate. The period of formation of professional readiness of a specialist is closely connected with the study of descriptive geometry, engineering graphics, computer graphics and other graphics disciplines. Geometric interpretation of phenomena in any form practically permeates the entire system of educational disciplines, both the general engineering cycle and special cycles of engineering education. Spatial thinking is formed only on the graphics basis, which is the basis of the student’s design abilities. Since the main tool for the formation of spatial thinking is graphical visual aids, the basis for its formation is the solution of problems presented on the basis of various types of graphic images (drawings) that reflect the spatial characteristics of objects in conventions (lines, signs). Introduction of tasks of the experimental methodology to the educational process has a positive impact on the quality and strength of knowledge on the subject, on memory productivity and on increasing the level of spatial thinking, which ultimately positively influences the formation of the engineer’s professional thinking.