Numerical Calculation and Analysis of Automobile Aerodynamic Noise Based on Large Eddy Simulation
J. H. Tang†‡*, Y. Y. Zuo‡, S. Y. Bei†, & K. Y. Wang†‡
ABSTRACT: The entire vehicle model of a certain type of car is established, the numerical calculation and analysis on the internal flow field of vehicle model and the aerodynamic noise at the receiving point near the left ear of the driver are carried out based on the large eddy simulation. The distributions of pressure field and velocity in the car are obtained with the different ways of opening the windows and 4 typical operating conditions with different opening degrees. Meanwhile, the frequency domain diagrams of sound pressure level at the reception points near the driver’s left ear are acquired. It is derived from the analysis that there is a close relationship between the wind vibration noise in the car and the opening size and opening mode of the car’s windows. The wind vibration noise is the smallest when the opening degree of the front window is 1/3. When the opening degrees are same, the wind vibration noise of the rear window is larger than that of the front window. Therefore, the reasonable opening mode and the opening degree of the car’s window can effectively control the wind vibration noise. According to the mechanism of wind vibration, the noise reduction method though retrofitting a column is adopted to reduce the noise of the rear window. And the maximum reduction of pressure fluctuation of wind vibration is about 19dB, which improves the passenger ride comfort.
Keywords : Automotive engineering; Wind vibration noise; Numerical calculation; Large eddy simulation.
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