Vol. 40, No. 4 (2017) (15)

Engine Performance, Emission and Fluorescence study of fuel from Plant Oils

Nikul K Patel†*, Ragesh G Kapadia††, Romit Y Gandhi††† , Shailesh N Shah‡


Department of Mechanical Engineering, Charottar University of Science and Technology, Changa 388421, India
††Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shri S’ad Vidya Mandal Institute of Technology, Bharuch 392001, India
†††Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dharamsinh Desai Institute of Technology, Nadiad India
‡Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara 390001, India
Cite this paper
Nikul K Patel, Ragesh G Kapadia, Romit Y Gandhi , Shailesh N Shah, “Application of Semi-Active MRFluid Sandwich Beam for Defence Vehicles”, Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research and Developments, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 673-691, 2017.  DOI: 10.7508/jmerd.2017.04.015

ABSTRACT: Understanding of conventional fuel obtained from fossils extinct has prompted researcher to give way for fuel which is environmental friendly, renewable, non-toxic, biodegradable and easily usable. The fuel which can be extracted from straight vegetable oil using trans-esterification process and is proven to be prominent alternative fuel known as biodiesel. Fluorescence spectroscopic analysis was used to assess production of biodiesel from soybean refined vegetable oil. The results obtained by various author indicates that quality of biodiesel is affected by fluorescence spectra resulting into its effect on emissions and performance of an engine. This study further outlines about performance of engine and its emission using biofuel derived from oil like soybean, rapeseed, jatropha, neem and karanja which have been reread from various topical publications. The review enumerates that blend of biodiesel with conventional petro-diesel indicates promising results in terms of performance as well as emission control. Conclusively, biodiesel as an alternative fuel having huge potential around world in terms of economical production.

Keywords : Plant Oil, Biodiesel, Performance, Emission, Fluorescence.

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